quarta-feira, 24 de outubro de 2007

Doris Lessing, nascida Doris May Tayler, (Kermanshah, 22 de outubro de 1919) é uma escritora britânica, galardoada com o prêmio Nobel de Literatura de 2007.
Nascida na
Pérsia (hoje o Irão), mudou-se com a família para a Rodésia do Sul (hoje o Zimbabwe) em 1925 e estabeleceu residência no Reino Unido apenas em 1949.
Saiu de casa aos 15 anos e trabalhou como auxiliar numa clínica, enquanto lia livros de política e sociologia que sua empregadora lhe apresentava. Por essa época, começou a escrever.
1937, mudou-se para Salisbury, para trabalhar como telefonista. Casou-se com Frank Wisdom, seu primeiro marido, e tiveram duas crianças. O casamento acabou em 1943.
Participando do
Left Book Club, conheceu seu segundo marido, Gottfried Lessing. Casaram-se, tiveram um filho, e se divorciaram em 1949. Doris então mudou-se para Londres com o filho, e escreveu seu primeiro livro, "A canção da relva" (The Grass Is Singing), publicado em 1950. Seu livro mais famoso é "O carnê dourado" (The golden notebook), publicado em 1962.
Seus temas variam extensamente, passando pelo exame das tensões inter-raciais, política racial, violência contra as crianças, movimentos feministas e exploração do espaço exterior.

Gostaria só de lembrar que é a Doris Lessing a fantástica autora que vamos agora ler.
O livro escolhido é : ""O Sonho Mais Doce" em português.
"The Sweetest Dream" em versão original.

terça-feira, 23 de outubro de 2007

As propostas de leitura para o próximo mês foram excelentes:

"Combateremos a sombra", de Lídia Jorge

"O rio das flores", de Miguel Sousa Tavares

"O prazer de ELiza Lynch" / "The Pleasure of Eliza Lynch", de Anne Enright

"O sonho mais doce" / "The Sweetest Dream", de Doris Lessing

"O pintor de batalhas" / "El pintor de batallas", de Arturo Pérez-Reverte

"Fanny e Alexander", de Ingmar Bergman

"O caderno dourado" / "The Golden Notebook", de Doris Lessing

A votação foi muito renhida, com direito a pedidos à Nossa Senhora de Fátima.
Mas acabou por vencer "O sonho mais doce", da autora galardoada este ano com o prémio Nobel da Literatura. Boa leitura!

sábado, 20 de outubro de 2007

A leitura do momento é "A interpretação de um crime" / "The Interpretation of Murder", de Jed Rubenfeld.

A editora do livro em inglês, a Henry Holt, publica na sua página um guia de leitura que me pareceu interessante para fomentar a discussão do livro.
Trancrevo-o de seguida:

The Interpretation of Murder
by Jed Rubenfeld
About this Guide
The following author biography, suggestions for further reading, and list of questions about The Interpretation of Murder, are intended as resources to aid individual readers and book groups who would like to learn more about the author and this novel. We hope that this guide will provide you a starting place for discussion, and suggest a variety of perspectives from which you might approach The Interpretation of Murder.
About this Book
Inspired by Sigmund Freud’s only visit to America, The Interpretation of Murder is an intricate tale of murder and the mind’s most dangerous mysteries. It unfurls on a sweltering August evening in 1909 as Freud disembarks from the steamship George Washington, accompanied by Carl Jung, his rival and protégé. Across town, in an opulent apartment high above the city, a stunning young woman is found dangling from a chandelier -- whipped, mutilated, and strangled. The next day, a second beauty -- a rebellious heiress who scorns both high society and her less adventurous parents -- barely escapes the killer. Yet Nora Acton, suffering from hysteria, can recall nothing of her attack. Asked to help her, Dr. Stratham Younger, America’s most committed Freudian analyst, calls in his idol, the Master himself, to guide him through the challenges of analyzing this high-spirited young woman whose family past has been as complicated as his own.
The Interpretation of Murder leads readers from the salons of Gramercy Park, through secret passages, to Chinatown -- even far below the currents of the East River where laborers are building the Manhattan Bridge. As Freud fends off a mysterious conspiracy to destroy him, Younger is drawn into an equally thrilling adventure that takes him deep into the subterfuges of the human mind.
Richly satisfying, elegantly crafted, The Interpretation of Murder marks the debut of a brilliant, spectacularly entertaining new storyteller.
About the Author:
Currently the Robert R. Slaughter Professor of Law at Yale University, Jed Rubenfeld is one of this country’s foremost experts on constitutional law. As a Princeton undergraduate, he completed his thesis on Freud. At the Juilliard School, he studied Shakespeare. Rubenfeld lives in New Haven, Connecticut, with his wife and two children.
Discussion Questions:
1. Discuss the use of the title, The Interpretation of Murder.
2. The author’s portrayal of women is noteworthy: Is Nora still a victim when she is empowered by a sympathetic listener? What are Clara’s motives for the events in the novel? How are Betty the maid, Susie Merrill, and Greta depicted? Do these characters reflect the turn-of-the-century society, or do they represent a more timeless portrayal of women?
3. Dr. Stratham Younger, a thirty-three-year-old Harvard graduate who teaches at Clark University and who is the narrator of the book, insisted at age seventeen that all great art and scientific discoveries were made at or near the turn of a century (Michelangelo’s David-1501; Cervantes’s Don Quixote-1604; Beethoven’s symphonies-1800; Freud’s Interpretation of Dreams-1900, etc.) Discuss this phenomenon.
4. Is Younger the right man for the job of trying to unravel the attempted murder of Nora? Discuss psychoanalysis versus interrogation.
5. Consider the role of class conflict in the book: Jung’s feelings of shame over his obvious wealth; Jung versus Freud; Acton versus Banwell; Chong versus Leon; Malley and Betty, etc.
6. What role does psychological transference and sexual attraction play in the book?
7. Younger asks, “How can human beings be loved if we carry within such repugnant desires?” Freud thinks that Nora wants to sodomize her father. Is this ultimately true?
8. Discuss the author’s mix of fact and fiction. How has this device been used in previous New York novels, such as The Alienist, Ragtime, Dreamland: A Novel, Paradise Alley, etc.
9. Younger is obsessed with solving the riddle of Hamlet in the book. Discuss his analysis of “to be or not to be” in terms of Freudian/Oedipal theories. What does Younger finally decide is the correct interpretation?
10. Younger says, “Some people feel a need to bring about the very thing that will most torment them.” How does this describe the characters in the book?
11. When he boards the ship back to Europe, Freud says that “America is a mistake . . . A gigantic mistake.” What does he mean?
Recommended Further Reading:
The Alienist by Caleb Carr
The Historian by Elizabeth Kostova
The Rule of Four by Ian Caldwell and Dustin Thomason
Ragtime by E.L. Doctorow
Forever: A Novel by Pete Hamill
Dreamland: A Novel by Kevin Baker
Underworld by Don Delillo
The Freud Reader by Sigmund Freud
Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria by Sigmund Freud
The Freud/Jung Letters: The Correspondence Between Sigmund Freud and C.G. Jung Sigmund Freud, edited by William McGuire, translated by Ralph Manheim and R.F.C. Hull